Mohair fabric was used for auto upholstery in many vehicles of the 1930’s and ’40’s, and is often the fabric of choice for our customers when ordering a LeBaron Bonney or Hampton Coach Upholstery Kit.
What is Mohair Fabric?
Mohair fabric is silk-like and made from the hair of the Angora goat. Durable, resilient, and exceptionally soft, mohair is notable for its high luster and sheen, which has helped give it the nickname the “Diamond Fiber”. Mohair takes dye exceptionally well.
Mohair automotive fabrics have a pile woven from an extra set of yarns that interlace with the warp and the weft. They have a tight weave and a short pile so that they will wear well and resist crushing.
Mohair Fabric Care
Do not allow dust and dirt build-up to become excessive, otherwise it will be more difficult to remove. Upholstery fabrics should be cleaned regularly to ensure prolonged life and appearance.
To restore the fluffiness of mohair fabric, you can brush it lightly with your hands.
Regular maintenance should consist of:
- Vacuuming with a nozzle, always in the direction of the nap
- Brushing with a hard clothes-brush
- Removal of stains
Fundamental cleaning should be undertaken by an expert specialized in cleaning upholstery fabrics. Depending on the degree of dirt and the color of the fabric, a fundamental cleaning is advisable every 4-5 years.
It’s often best to consult a professional upholstery cleaner when removing stains, but it is possible to remove minor stains yourself.
These should be treated as soon as they occur using a white absorbent cloth or tissue slightly moistened with lukewarm water. It is very important not to use colored cloths or tissues, as the color may rub off and stain the upholstery fabric.
If water alone will not remove the stain, a diluted carpet/upholstery shampoo can be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Never apply the cleaning solution directly onto the upholstery, but onto a dampened white cloth. This should then be rubbed gently onto the stain (rubbing too hard may affect the surface structure of the fabric), working from its edge to the middle. Any residual shampoo should be carefully removed with a damp cloth. The last rubbing should always be in the direction of the nap. The upholstery fabric should be dried thoroughly (at least 24 hours) before being used again. A hair dryer on a low temperature setting can be used for this purpose.
Treatment of Marks Due to Wear and Tear
If mohair fabric is not regularly maintained, well-worn areas (like seating surfaces) will show pile tangling and matting over a period of time. Depending on the color, this will be seen by a change of shade.
By sitting, pressure is exerted onto the velvet fabric forcing the nap in different directions. This, together with heat, rising air humidity, body moisture, and the type of stuffing underneath the fabric, can ‘fix’ this change of direction, noticeable by a change of color. The effect can be removed by applying a damp (not wet) cloth overnight, which will restore the mohair fiber. Again, the upholstery should not be sat upon, or have any objects placed upon it, until it completely dry. If necessary, a hair dryer can be used at a low temperature.
The same result can be achieved by spraying the fabric with distilled water for a few seconds, at a distance of approximately 20 cm, and again leaving it to dry overnight. Before treatment with a damp cloth or sprayed water, make sure the fabric is absolutely clean! (See regular maintenance.) Care should be taken not to spray large quantities of water onto the fabric. In order to avoid shading, it is advisable to treat the whole surface in this manner. The treatment can be repeated as necessary. After this treatment, the upholstered furniture must be completely dry before it can be used again (at least 24 hours). A hair dryer at a low temperature setting can be used for this purpose.
To See LeBaron Bonney’s Line of Mohair Fabrics Click Here